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愛沙尼亞塔林大學

Tallinn University

一、   學校簡介

塔林大學是由位於塔林的其他四所大學及研究機構的代表在2002年所聯合簽署的協議之中誕生的。此協議並且為愛沙尼亞教育部和塔林市市政府所共同支持的。

The story of the present Tallinn University dates from 15 May 2002, when the representatives of four universities and research institutions in Tallinn signed agreements, one among themselves to establish a new university in Tallinn, and one with the Ministry of Education as well as the City of Tallinn, who both promised to support the new venture.

塔林市在塔林大學於2005年創立前是歐洲唯一一個沒有以其城市名來命名的大學的首都。雖然塔林市的其他大學,如於1918年所創立的塔林科技大學和最負盛名的塔圖爾大學已經肩負起愛沙尼亞在諸多領域的學術發展,但是,有許多意見仍然認為有必要創立一所大學來整合位於塔林的分散的學術資源以及研究機構,藉由此整合可更強化塔林市的教育和研究質量。

Since 1631, when the magistrates of Tallinn declined the offer of the Swedish King Gustav Adolf II to found a university in the city (an offer their colleagues in Tartu were astute enough to accept), Tallinn had without a university bearing its name and, until 2005, the last capital city in Europe with such a lack. Of course, there was the Tallinn University of Technology (founded in 1918) as well as many other speicalised universities, while the most venerable site of learning, TartuUniversity, had historically provided for the academic needs of the country in many fields. During the whole process of the creation of the new university, indeed, heated debates continued with regard to its necessity, given the small size of the country. Finally, however, the opinion came to prevail that the spiritual and material resources of the scattered units in Tallinn would be put to much better use if they were united into one whole, and that this would enhance the quality of both the education and the research carried out in the capital of Estonia.

現今的塔林大學是由愛沙尼亞學術圖書館、愛沙尼亞藝術學院、愛沙尼亞人文研究機構、愛沙尼亞科學研究院和塔林教育大學所合併而成的。塔林大學傳承了這些不同領域的學術機構的使命。

The founding members of the University were the Academic Library of Estonia, the EstonianAcademy of Arts, the Estonian Institute of Humanities, the Institute of History of the EstonianAcademy of Sciences and the TallinnPedagogicalUniversity. In the process, the EstonianAcademy of Arts decided to withdraw from the venture, and for a certain period, the Viljandi Academy of Culture was also involved in the talks. Even before the initiating act of TallinnUniversity, TallinnPedagogicalUniversity had signed deeds by which several research institutes – the Institute of Ecology, the Institute of Educational Research, the Institute of Estonian Demography and the Institute of International and Social Studies – came under its aegis. All in all, TallinnUniversity was born with many different heritages and as the heir to many different traditions.

二、   學校世界排名

NA

三、   學校概況

  • 學生:8398位。
  • 教職員:487位教職員工。

四、   學校院系所介紹

Estonian Institute of Humanities(愛沙尼亞人文學院)

  • Cultural Theory (文化理論)
  • Middle-Eastern and Asian Studies (中東與亞洲研究)
  • Philosophy  (哲學)
  • Social and Cultural Anthropology (社會與文化人類學)

Institute of Ecology (生態學院)

  • Environmental Research (環境研究)
  • Landscape Ecology (生態造景)
  • North-East Estonia(愛沙尼亞東北)

Institute of Educational Sciences(教育科學院)

  • Department of Adult Education (成人教育)
  • Department of Educational Science (教育學系)
  • Department of Pre- School Pedagogy (學前教育系)
  • Department of Primary School Education (基礎教育學校)
  • Department of School Pedagogy (社會教育系)
  • Department of Special and Social Pedagogy (特殊教育系)
  • Department of Vocational Education (技職教育系)
  • School of Doctoral Studies (博士學位研究中心)
  • Centre of Educational Policy (教育政策中心)
  • Centre of Educational Research (教育研究中心)
  • Centre of Pedagogical Practice (教學演練中心)
  • Centre of Vocational Education (技職教育中心)
  • Child Study Centre(幼童研究中心)

Institute of Estonian Demograhy(愛沙尼亞人口統計學院)

Institute of Estonian Language and Culture(愛沙尼亞語言與文化學院)

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